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Horse Trials

horse trialsA three-day event also called HORSE TRIALS, equestrian competition, testing the overall abilities of horse and rider in competition at dressage, cross-country and endurance riding, and stadium show jumping.

The first day’s event, the dressage competition, tests the horse’s obedience and the rider’s ability. It consists of a series of movements at the trot, walk, and canter; performance is judged on a point system of from 0 to 6 points for each required gait. “General impression” is also judged, and points are deducted for performing the movements in the wrong order.

The second day’s competition, considered the most difficult and most important event of the three-day competition, is a test of speed, endurance, and jumping ability on a course divided into steeplechase, cross-country, and two road and track sections. The length of the course varies according to the significance of the competition, with some championship courses equalling 22 miles (35 km).

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Marc Twain playing billiardsACCORDING to the latest authority (Murray. " A New English Dictionary," 1887), Billiards is so named from " billard, 'a cue,' originally 'a stick with curved end; ' diminutive of bille, piece of wood, stick." Other derivations are balyards (a game played with balls and yards or sticks, Johnson), and billard (French bille, ball and suffix ard, Todd).

The origin of the game of Billiards is even more obscure than its etymology. In the Nouveau Dictionnaire, the game is said to have been invented by the French. Some ascribe the invention to Henrique Devigne, an artist, who flourished in the time of Charles IX., about 1571. Bouillet, Dictionnaire Universel des Sciences, magnanimously hands back the invention to the English. He says:-" The game of Billiards appears to be derived from the game of bowls. It was very anciently known in England, where perhaps it was invented. It was brought into fashion in France by Louis XIV., whose physicians recommended this exercise to him after eating. "Dr. Johnson argues that the game is probably English, Todd is of opinion that it is French; the Acadesmie des Jeux says:- "It would appear that Billiards was invented in England."

Carom billiards, also called French Billiards, is a game played with three balls (two white and one red) on a table without pockets, in which the object is to drive one of the white balls (cue ball) into both of the other balls. Each carom thus completed counts one point. In a popular version of the game called three-cushion billiards, the cue ball is played so that it strikes an object ball and three or more cushions (not necessarily different cushions) in any order before striking the second object ball.

The three balls are red, white, and white with a spot. The standard table in carom billiards is 5 by 10 feet (152 by 305 cm), although smaller tables of similar proportions are also used. The table is marked with three spots, one near its head, one at its centre, and one near its foot. To begin play, the first player may select either white ball as cue ball. The red ball is spotted on the foot spot, a white ball on the head spot, and the cue ball within six inches directly to either side of the white object ball.

English BilliardsThe cue ball must contact the red ball first on the break (first) shot; on subsequent shots either red or white may be the first ball hit. If the first player scores on his opening shot, he may select either white ball as cue ball on his second shot. Subsequently, however, he must cue the white ball used on that second shot and his opponent must cue the other. When a player fails to score, he yields to his opponent, who plays the balls as they have been left. A game is usually continued until one player scores an agreed number of points, often 50. Shooting the wrong cue ball incurs a penalty of one point and loss of turn.

Pool & Billiards Frequently Asked Questions


A common three player game, better socially than as a test of skill.
Each player takes five balls, 1-5, 6-10, and 11-15, and the last player
with a ball on the table wins, so the goal is to sink your opponents'
balls.  There are several variations.  The penalty for a foul is to
bring one of each of the other players' balls back onto the table.


A social game for two to "n" players.  Each player seeks to pocket
a rack of three balls in the least number of shots (including the
break).  Scratches count as an extra shot.  Winner gets the pot.  If
there's a tie for low score, the game rolls over to another round and
all players re-ante.
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Triple Crown Races

Kentucky Derbey

SecretariatCol. M. Lewis Clark Jr., inspired by the Epsom Derby (Eng-G1) in England, inaugurated the Kentucky Derby in 1875 at his newly opened Louisville Jockey Club Course. The race was designed to be the center of Thoroughbred racing in Kentucky. The race was also meant to be the major social event of the year in Louisville.The first Kentucky Derby was held May 17, 1875. A field of 15 three-year-olds went postward for the 1 1/2 mile contest which was won by H.P. McGrath's Aristides, trained by Ansel Williamson and ridden by the popular African-American rider, Oliver Lewis. There was an estimated 10,000 people on the Jockey Club grounds.

The fastest Derby was achieved by the legendary Secretariat, who covered the 1 1/4 miles in 1:59 2/5. Secretariat is the only Derby winner to finish under two minutes.

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Bowling – History

ImageEven though bowling has been the object of satire in such movies as Kingpin and the Big Lebowski, it is certainly a genuine sport. And, believe it or not, it may be one of the oldest sports in the history of the world. Over 100 million people in more than 90 countries practice the game, making it one of the most popular and universally loved forms of recreation on the planet. It has been the game of kings (literally), and the startling facts behind the origins of bowling may surprise even the most dedicated kingpin.

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Formula Three

969 Lotus Type 59 Formula 3 Racing Single-Seater Chassis no. 59-F3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Formula Three

Formula Three, also called Formula 3 or, in abbreviated form, F3, is a type of formula racing and a class of auto racing. It is widely accepted as an important step for drivers towards Formula One. While a few drivers have gone on to drive in open-wheeled motorsports premier category since the inception of Formula Three without driving one, the majority have spent time in the cockpit of these cheap, fast, entry-level race cars.

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Three Finger Brown

Mordecai Brown (1876-1948)Mordecai Brown (1876-1948), American baseball player, born in Nyesville, Indiana. He became one of the most noted right-handed pitchers in baseball history. His nickname, Three Finger Brown, was derived from the loss of the index finger of his pitching hand in a childhood accident.

three-finger Brown
three-finger Brown

During most of his career he was a member of the Chicago Cubs, with which he played from 1904 to 1912 and again in 1916. His total playing record includes 239 wins and 131 losses. In World Series play he won five games. Brown was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1949.

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NHL, National Hockey League

Stanley Cup - first

There are actually three Stanley Cups


Stanley’s original Cup from 1892, known as the “Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup” (above), was awarded until 1970, and is now on display in the Vault Room at the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto.

In 1963, NHL president Clarence Campbell believed that the original Cup had become too brittle to give to championship teams, so the “Presentation Cup” was created and is the well-known trophy awarded today. (Skeptics can authenticate the Presentation Cup by noting the Hockey Hall of Fame seal on the bottom.)

The final Cup is a replica of the Presentation Cup, which was created in 1993 by Montreal silversmith Louise St. Jacques and is used as a stand-in at the Hall of Fame when the Presentation Cup isn’t available.


Hockey has been played for longer than any of us has been alive, but we can’t tell you exactly when it was invented, or by whom, because no one really knows for sure. We do have some idea of how it got started, however, and we can describe the ways the game has grown and changed over the years. Once a relatively obscure recreation for people who lived in the north country, hockey is now played all over the world and has become one of the most popular winter sports. Frankly, we don’t know what we’d do without it, and millions of other people feel the same way.What is Hockey? Continue reading NHL, National Hockey League

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NFL, National Football League

National Football LeagueNFL History

In 1920 the American Professional Football Association was formally organized to begin play in fall of 1920. The original teams were:

  • Canton Bulldogs
  • Cleveland Tigers
  • Dayton Triangles
  • Akron Professionals
  • Rochester (N.Y.) Jeffersons
  • Rock Island Independents
  • Muncie Flyers
  • Decatur Staleys
  • Chicago Cardinals
  • Hammond Pros

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Antarctica Cup International Yacht Race 2005

Information about "a non-stop race of 14,600 nautical miles for identical 25m Maxi Boats — passing the three most notorious capes on the planet; Cape Horn, Cape Agulhas, Cape Leeuwin." Site contains course and events details, boat specifications, brief background information on Antarctica, and race updates. Searchable.

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The numbers game (policy game)

The numbers game (policy game) is a form of lottery that Harlemites played on a daily basis. Even black professionals, influential, and so called "respectable," people played or participated in the games. The game is played by players betting on a series of three numbers from 0 to 999. Numbers runners would collect the money from the bettors each day, leave each bettor a receipt from what was called a "policy book," and then take the cash and policy book to the clearing house, also known as a policy bank. A player would win if his/her numbers matched a preset series of three numbers, which were found in daily newspapers as the last three digits of either the NYSE total, U.S. Treasury balance, or total bets at a selected racetrack. The numbers game seldom favored the players because the results were often "fixed." Continue reading The numbers game (policy game)

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Players on the field: (aside from the goalie)
3 players up front in attack position
3 players playing midfield (called middies)
3 players on defense

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three-bagger or three-base hit

NOUN: Baseball A base hit that allows the batter to reach third base without being put out. Also called three-bagger, triple.