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Kun-lun

by Micha F. Lindemans
Kun LunA mountain range in Western China, believed to be a Taoist paradise. It is one of the ten continents and three islands in Taoist cosmology, and is said to be three (or nine) stories high. Whoever manages to climb to the top gains access to the heavens. It also extends three (or nine) stories below the Earth, thereby connecting the subterranean watery realm of the dead with the realm of the gods.

The first to visit this paradise was King Mu of Zhou. He discovered there the palace of Huang-di and erected a stone memorial. He was then received by the goddess Xi Wang-mu, the Royal Mother of the West, who has her abode in these mountains. The lakes found in the parks of Kun-lun City are plenished by yellow water known as cinnabar (tan). Whoever drinks it becomes immortal.

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Samseong, Samseonghyeol myth

Version 1: Samseong myth

by Charles La Shure
JejuThis myth tells of the first settlement on Cheju Island, located off the southern coast of the Korean Peninsula. In the beginning, before any people roamed the land, three demi-gods (Yangeulla, Koeulla, Pueulla) emerged from the ground. They wandered through the land and hunted, making clothes from the skins and subsisting on the meat.
One day they discovered a large wooden chest on the eastern shore of the island. They opened up the chest and a messenger wearing a purple robe and red belt emerged. Also in the chest was a stone box, and inside were three girls wearing blue clothing, a calf, a colt, and the five grains (barley, rice, soybean, foxtail millet, and millet; in Korean folk literature these five grains represent all of agriculture).

The messenger announced that they had been sent from Byeongnang (some sources indicate that the messenger and girls came from Japan, which makes geographical sense). The king of that land had sent the girls to be the brides of the three demi-gods. After delivering his message, the messenger returned to his land on a cloud. The three demi-gods each married and went their separate ways, founding each their own village.

Source: http://www.pantheon.org

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Thrice-Hero

Greek deitiesby Dr Alena Trckova-Flamee, Ph.D.

The identification of Thrice-Hero (Tris-Heros) is a point of discussion. This name was found twice in the tablets with the Linear Script B from Pylos. Thrice-Hero was mentioned together with the other gods on the human-sacrifice tablet and the name appeared also in context with the offerings of a golden vessel and perfumed oil. It means, that Trice-Hero was worshipped during the Mycenaean time as a local deity in Pylos and offerings were brought to his honor. The cult of heroes was common in the Greek world. There was a supposition that this worshipping started from the Mycenaean cult of dead and from there that it came directly into the Archaic Greek religion (Nilsson).

 

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Hecate

HecateChtonian Greek Triple-Earth-Goddess, 
representing the Maiden, the Mother and the Crone 
– all aspects of the Mother Goddess. 
Her origins are in Asia Minor, 
where she was worshipped as the primary mother goddess. 
Later transformed into a Goddess of Magic, 
Moon and Night, Ruler of Ghosts, Underworld-goddess, 
Protectress and Patroness of Magicians,
Fortunetellers and Witches.

Hecate, Greek goddess of the three paths, guardian of the household, protector of everything newly born, and the goddess of witchcraft — once a widely revered and influential goddess,  the reputation of Hecate has been tarnished over the centuries. In current times, she is usually depicted as a “hag” or old witch stirring the cauldron.

But nothing could be further from the image of Hecate’s original glory.

 

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Hermes

HermesWhen today we speak of something being hermetically sealed, we use the name of Hermes Trismegistos, who in a special process cemented and rendered airtight by sealing with clay the Philosopher’s Egg, the vessel in which the transformation of gold was said to take place.

“The Three Hermeses … these three were in later ages confounded and fused into one, known as Hermes Trismegistus.”

“… there is a connection between a theoretical mythic archtype of Hermes and the number three -*Sladek 1988.”

“… the Trismegistus was so called because he described the creator’s three essential characteristics: existence, wisdom and life.”


As to Hermes, the Legend is not altogether without some histoical support ahhough the story is in the Legend mythical, but of that character which pertains to the historical myth.

He was reputed to be the son of Taut or Thoth, whom the Egyptians deified, and placed his image beside those of Osiris and Isis. To him they attributed the invention of letters, as well as of all the sciences, and they esteemed him as the founder of their religious rites.

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THE PYTHIAN APOLLO

THE GREEK ORACLES

Pythian ApolloThe worship of Apollo included the establishment and maintenance of places of prophecy by means of which the gods could communicate with mankind and reveal futurity to such as deserved the boon. The early history of Greece abounds with accounts of talking trees, rivers, statues, and caves in which nymphs, dryads, or dæmons had taken up their abodes and from which they delivered oracles. While Christian authors have tried to prove that oracular revelations were delivered by the Devil for the purpose of misleading humanity, they have not dared to attack the theory of oracles, because of the repeated reference to it in their own sacred writings.

If the onyx stones on the shoulders of Israel’s high priest made known by their flashings the will of Jehovah, then a black dove, temporarily endowed with the faculty of speech, could indeed pronounce oracles in the temple of Jupiter Ammon. If the witch of Endor could invoke the shade of Samuel, who in turn gave prophecies to Saul, could not a priestess of Apollo call up the specter of her liege to foretell the destiny of Greece?

The most famous oracles of antiquity were those of Delphi, Dodona, Trophonius, and Latona, of which the talking oak trees of Dodona were the oldest. Though it is impossible to trace back to the genesis of the theory of oracular prophecy, it is known that many of the caves and fissures set aside by the Greeks as oracles were sacred long before the rise of Greek culture.

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Apollo and Pythia at the Oracle of Delphi

Pythia“… It was here that the Olympian gods spoke to mortal men through the use of a priesthood, which interpreted the trance-induced utterances of the Pythoness or Pythia. She was a middle-aged woman who sat on a copper-and-gold tripod, or, much earlier, on the “rock of the sibyl” (medium), and crouched over a fire while inhaling the smoke of burning laurel leaves, barley, marijuana, and oil, until a sufficient intoxication for her prophecies had been produced.”

FROM ANCIENT EGYPT TO GREECE: TIS THINE OWN APOLLO REIGNS

According to the Greeks, the greatest outcome of the love affair between Zeus and Leto was the birth of the most beloved of the oracle gods—Apollo. More than any other god in ancient history, Apollo represented the passion for prophetic inquiry among the nations. Though mostly associated with classical Greece, scholars agree that Apollo existed before the Olympian pantheon and some even claim that this entity was first known as Apollo by the Hyperboreans—an ancient and legendary people to the north. Herodotus came to this conclusion and recorded how the Hyperboreans continued in worship of Apollo even after his induction into the Greek pantheon, making an annual pilgrimage to the land of Delos where they participtated in the famous Greek festivals of Apollo. Lycia—a small country in southwest Turkey—also had an early connection with Apollo, where he was known as Lykeios, which some have joined to the Greek Lykos or ‘wolf’, thus making one of his ancient titles, “the wolf slayer.”

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Hermetic Divine triad

In Ancient Egyptian theology, divine triads were used to express the divine family-unit, usually composed out of Pharaoh (the son) and a divine couple (father & mother), legitimizing his rule as divine king. Pharaoh Akhenaten had introduced a monotheistic triad (exclusive and against all other deities) : Aten, Akhenaten and Nefertiti. In Heliopolis, the original triad was Atum, Shu and Tefnut, in Memphis, Ptah, Sekhmet and Nefertem emerged, whereas Thebes worshipped Amun, Mut and Khonsu. The trinity naturally developed into three or one Ennead.

In Hermetic triad reads as :

  • God, the Unbegotten One, the essence of being, the Father of All – the “Decad” ;
  • Nous, the First Intellect, the Self-Begotten One, the Mind or Light of God – the “Ennead” ;
  • Logos, the “son” from “Nous”, the Begotten One above the Seven Archons – the “Ogdoad”.

The One Entity or God (the “Tenth”) is known to Its creation as the One Mind or Hermes which contains the “noetic” root of every individual existing thing (cf. Plato, Spinoza). This Divine Mind (the attributes or names of the nameless God) allows all things to be sympathetic transformations (adaptations, modi) of God.

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Zeus, Apollo, and Hermes

Zeus, Apollo, and Hermes

Ancient Greek mythology personified the mysteries of life and the cosmos in the form of a pantheon of gods who ruled from Mount Olympus. Their most powerful god who controlled the sky and weather was named Zeus.

Apollo was the son of Zeus and Leto and the twin of the goddess Artemis. He is sometimes personified as the sun driving a fiery chariot across the sky each day. He is associated with the tending of flocks and herds, love of beauty, balance, music, fine arts, poetry and medicine. He is the god of prophecy and is credited with the foundation of the oracle of Delphi. He is usually pictured as a young and handsome man holding the lyre, the bow and arrow, or seated on the omphalos next to the tripod, the twin symbols of Delphi.

Hermes, the little brother of Apollo, was personified as Mercury, the planet closest to the sun. The ancient Greek gods were very real to the common man in antiquity, but to the philosophers and to people who could think for themselves, the gods were recognized as metaphors for the powers of nature.

 

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Hades, child of Cronus and Rhea

Hades, child of Cronus and Rhea
Zeus, Poseidon, Hades
Zeus, Poseidon, Hades

Hades was one of the many children of Cronus and Rhea. Because an oracle once predicted to Cronus that one of his offspring would defeat him and steal his throne, the Titan decided to swallow all of his children alive the moment they came into the world. Rhea who yearned for a baby of her own, soon grew tired of this and decided to fool her husband. After giving birth to her youngest son Zeus she wrapped a stone in a baby’s blanket and gave it to Cronus to devour. She then quickly hid the infant safely away on the isle of Crete. Just as the Priestess promised, Zeus grew to manhood and returned to overthrow his father but not before giving him a potion that caused him vomit up the other siblings.

Out popped Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Demeter and Hera. The Universe was then divided among the three brothers; Zeus, Poseidon and Hades by the drawing of lots. Zeus was granted the sky, Poseidon the sea and Hades the Underworld.

Cerberus | Laconian black-figure kylix C6th B.C. | National Archaeological Museum of Taranto
Cerberus | Laconian black-figure kylix C6th B.C. | National Archaeological Museum of Taranto

The land of the dead was protected by Hades’ three headed dog Cerberus. This creature allowed the shades to pass by freely but was sure to keep out all trespassers from the world of the living. He also made certain that once your soul passed theough the gates it was never able to leave again. Before being led to their new place of residence, the newly dead were required to drink from the Pool of Lethe.

Just one taste of this water of forgetfulness would leave the spirit void of all memories of his former life on earth. After drinking from the Pool of Lethe, the souls were next led before Minos, Rhadamanthys and Aeacus, the three judges of the Underworld. It was at this place where three roads meet that the eternal fate of the new arrivals was decided.

Minos, Rhadamanthys and Aeacus
Minos, Rhadamanthys and Aeacus

Each spirit was then directed to travel down the road that best corresponded to the way he conducted his life on earth. Those who were neither virtuous or evil were sent back to the Fields of Asphodel. It was here that the joyless souls of heros languished without purpose, their only release being the libations of blood that were poured to them by the living.

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Three Wise Monkeys

Three Monkeys at Toshogu Shrine

The Japanese names of the three wise monkeys are:

  1. Mazaru: Speak no evil
  2. Mizaru: See no evil
  3. Mikazaru: Hear no evil

 

The three wise monkeys (Japanesesan’en or sanzaru, or sanbiki no saru, literally “three monkeys”), sometimes called the three mystic apes,[1] are a pictorial maxim. Together they embody the proverbial principle to “see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil”.[2]The three monkeys are Mizaru, covering his eyes, who sees no evil; Kikazaru, covering his ears, who hears no evil; and Iwazaru, covering his mouth, who speaks no evil.

There are various meanings ascribed to the monkeys and the proverb including associations with being of good mind, speech and action. In the Western world the phrase is often used to refer to those who deal with impropriety by turning a blind eye.[3]

In English, the monkeys’ names are often given as Mizaru,[4] Mikazaru,[5] and Mazaru,[6] but the last two names were corrupted from the Japanese originals.[7][8]

partial source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_wise_monkeys

Three Wise Monkeys

3 wise monkeys pub
Visit the 3 Wise Monkeys pub

This image was taken at a pub in Sydney, Australia.