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Security & Exchange Commission

March 6, 2022.

Gary Gensler (SEC Chairman) interview on Jon Stewart speaking about the three pillars of the SEC mission.

  • Investor protection
  • Facilitating capital formation
  • Facilitating fair orderly markets
Jon Stewart interviewing Gary Gensler (SEC)

Gary Gensler is an American government official and former investment banker serving as the chair of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Gensler previously led the Biden–Harris transition’s Federal Reserve, Banking, and Securities Regulators agency review team.

Jon Stewart is an American comedian, writer, producer, director, political commentator, actor, and television host. He hosted The Daily Show, a satirical news program on Comedy Central, from 1999 to 2015. Stewart now hosts The Problem with Jon Stewart, which premiered September 2021 on Apple TV+. Wikipedia

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Operation Petticoat

Story

Lieutenant Commander Matt Sherman (Cary Grant) is in charge of the submarine “Sea Tiger,” which was badly damaged at a Philippine shipyard by a Japanese air raid. Seeking to make sail before an oncoming invasion, Sherman enlists the help of newly transferred Lieutenant Nick Holden (Tony Curtis) to use his talents as a con artist to procure the needed supplies. Once they’re underway, Sherman evacuates a group of beautiful nurses, but can’t find anyone who will take them off his hands.

Staring

Initial release: December 3, 1959

Director: Blake Edwards

Starring: Cary Grant; Tony Curtis; Joan O’Brien; Dina Merrill; Gene Evans; Dick Sargent; Arthur O’Connell

Based on: a story suggested by; Paul King; Joseph B. Stone

Music by: David Rose; Henry Mancini (uncredited)

Video clip

Scene: “You see, when a girl’s under 21 she’s protected by law, when she’s over 65 she’s protected by nature. Anywhere in between she’s fair game”.
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Know it All

Definition of know-it-all

Know-it-all: one who claims to know everything Also: one who disdains advice

Synonyms

Smart aleck, wise guy, wiseacre, wisenheimer, smarty pants.

Anchorman movie
Anchorman movie

Examples of ‘know-it-all’ in a sentence

  1. His reputation as an autocratic know-it-all goes before him.
  2. Do not force your opinions on others and definitely do not come across as a know-it-all.
  3. Dad was never a know-it-all, he just wanted me to improve my game.
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The Three Dimensions of a Complete Life

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther Knig Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr

Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.

Speech Text:

I want to use as the subject from which to preach: “The Three Dimensions of a Complete Life.” (All right) You know, they used to tell us in Hollywood that in order for a movie to be complete, it had to be three-dimensional. Well, this morning I want to seek to get over to each of us that if life itself is to be complete, (Yes) it must be three-dimensional. . .

Three Sound Clips from the speech:

  •       Master the Length of Life
  •       We are Dependent on One Another
  •       The Power Of God

Audio of Complete Speech

      Three Dimensions of a Compete Life

Speech Text:

I want to use as the subject from which to preach: “The Three Dimensions of a Complete Life.” (All right) You know, they used to tell us in Hollywood that in order for a movie to be complete, it had to be three-dimensional. Well, this morning I want to seek to get over to each of us that if life itself is to be complete, (Yes) it must be three-dimensional.

Continue reading The Three Dimensions of a Complete Life

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Three types of hypotheses

* Simple hypothesis

* Complex hypothesis

* Null hypothesis

What is a hypothesis

A hypothesis states your predictions about what your research will find. It is a tentative answer to your research question that has not yet been tested. For some research projects, you might have to write several hypotheses that address different aspects of your research question.

A hypothesis is not just a guess — it should be based on existing theories and knowledge. It also has to be testable, which means you can support or refute it through scientific research methods (such as experiments, observations and statistical analysis of data).

Variables in hypotheses

Hypotheses propose a relationship between two or more variables. An independent variable is something the researcher changes or controls. A dependent variable is something the researcher observes and measures.

Daily apple consumption leads to fewer doctor’s visits.

In this example, the independent variable is apple consumption — the assumed cause. The dependent variable is the frequency of doctor’s visits — the assumed effect.

Three steps to hypothesis testing

  • State the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis
  • Decide on test static and critical value
  • Compute p-value. If P-value is less than the critical value reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis

Simple hypothesis

Simple hypotheses are ones which give probabilities to potential observations. The contrast here is with complex hypotheses, also known as models, which are sets of simple hypotheses such that knowing that some member of the set is true (but not which) is insufficient to specify probabilities of data points.

Normal curve​
Simple hypothesis – Bell Curve

Complex hypothesis

Complex hypothesis is that one in which there are multiple dependent as well as independent variables. Example: Global warming causes icebergs to melt which in turn causes major changes in weather patterns.

Complex hypothesis
Complex hypothesis

Null hypothesis

A null hypothesis is a hypothesis that says there is no statistical significance between the two variables in the hypothesis. … For example, a null hypothesis would be something like this: There is no statistically significant relationship between the type of water I feed the flowers and growth of the flowers.

null hypothesis
Null hypothesis

Create a Null Hypothesis

Depending on your study, you may need to perform some statistical analysis on the data you collect. When forming your hypothesis statement using the scientific method, it’s important to know the difference between a null hypothesis vs. the alternative hypothesis, and how to create a null hypothesis. 

  • A null hypothesis, often denoted as H0, posits that there is no apparent difference or that there is no evidence to support a difference. Using the motivation example above, the null hypothesis would be that sleep hours have no effect on motivation.
  • An alternative hypothesis, often denoted as H1, states that there is a statistically significant difference, or there is evidence to support such a difference. Going back to the same carrot example, the alternative hypothesis is that a person getting six hours of sleep has less motivation than someone getting eight hours of sleep.
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Three types of paradoxes

The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays

by W.V. Quine

There are essentially three categories of paradoxes

  • Falsidical – Logic based on a falsehood
  • Veridical – Truthful
  • Antinomy – A contradiction, real or apparent, between two principles or conclusions, both of which seem equally justified

Willard Van Orman Quine (AKA W. V. O. Quine, or “Van”to his friends) (1908 – 2000) was an American philosopher and mathematical logician, widely considered one of the most important philosophers of the second half of the 20th Century.

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Three types of Breathing

Change Your Breath, Change Your Life | Lucas Rockwood | TEDxBarcelona
Change Your Breath, Change Your Life | Lucas Rockwood | TEDxBarcelona

We do it as long as we live but mostly aren’t aware
of it: breathing. In his talk Lucas breaks down the
fundamentals of yoga breathing in a way that you
can easily remember and apply to your practice.
Lucas shows us how three breathing practices
water, whiskey, or coffee – can be used as a tool and help us to overcome any situation.

With a formal yoga training background in Hot
Yoga, Ashtanga Yoga, Gravity Yoga, and the Yoga
Trapeze®, Lucas has studied with some of the
most well-respected teachers on the planet. His
most influential teachers (all of whom he studied
with personally) include Sri K. Pattabhi Jois, Paul
Dallaghan, Alex Medin, Gabriel Cousens MD, and
SN Goenka.

Lucas founded Absolute Yoga Academy in 2006,
one of the top 10 yoga teacher training schools in
the world with 2,000 certified teachers (and
counting) and courses in Thailand, Holland, the
United Kingdom, and the Philippines.

In 2013, Lucas founded YOGABODY Fitness, a
revolutionary new yoga studio business model
that pays teachers a living wage and demystifies
yoga by making the mind-body healing benefits of
the practice accessible to everyone.

In search of nutritional products designed
specifically for achy yoga students’ bodies, Lucas
worked with senior nutritional formulator Paul
Gaylon and founded YOGABODY Naturals in the
back of his yoga studio a year later. The company
has gone from strength to strength and is now a
world-renowned nutrition, education, and
publishing organization serving 81 countries.

A foodie at heart, Lucas was a vegan chef and
owned and operated health food restaurants prior
to diving deep into the yoga world. He is also a
highly acclaimed writer, radio show host, TV
personality, business consultant, weight loss
expert, and health coach. This talk was given at a
TEDx event using the TED conference format but
independently organized by a local community.

Change Your Breath, Change Your Life | Lucas
Rockwood | TEDxBarcelona

Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

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Cognitive Ease

Cognitive ease or fluency is the measure of how easy it is for our brains to process information. … The Cognitive ease principle reveals that when people have to switch to the second system of thinking, causing cognitive strain, they become more vigilant and suspicious.

Frequent repetition can be enough to convince people to believe things that are not true because familiarity generates a sense of cognitive ease. Called the mere-exposure effect, advertisers make use of it, but they aren’t the only ones. Information that is easy to understand also gives us a sense of cognitive ease.

Humans tend to avoid stressful and demanding cognitive strain, often making them vulnerable to many biases. This “laziness” and desire for cognitive ease often invites individuals to a world of irrationality where the decisions made can be detrimental.

Cognitive Ease – Veritasium
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Cantor’s threefold division of infinity

Excerpts from Infinity and the Mind

Rudy Rucker
Infinity and the mind by Rudy Rucker
Infinity and the Mind

… This threefold division [of infinity] is due to Cantor, who, in the following passage, distinguishes between the:

  • Absolute Infinite
  • Physical infinities
  • Mathematical infinities

The actual infinite arises in three contexts: first when it is realized in the most complete form, in a fully indepen dent other-worldly being, in Deo, where I call it the Absolute Infinite or simply Absolute; second when it occurs in the contingent, created world; third when the mind grasps it in abstracto as a mathematical magnitude, number, or order type. I wish to make a sharp contrast between the Absolute and what I call the Transfinite, that is, the actual infinities of the last two sorts, which are clearly limited, subject to further increase, and thus related to the finite,

PHYSICAL INFINITIES

There are three ways in which our world appears to be un bounded and thus, perhaps, infinite. It seems that time cannot end. It seems that space cannot end. And it seems that any interval of space or time can be divided and subdivided endlessly. We will consider these three apparent physical infinities in three subsections.

Temporal Infinities

One of the chief consequences of Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity is that it is space-time that is fundamental, not isolated space which evolves as time passes. I will not argue this point in detail here, but let me repeat that on the basis of modern physical theory we have every reason to think of the passage of time as an illusion. Past, present, and future all exist together in space-time.

So the question of the infinitude of time is not one that is to be dodged by denying that time can be treated as a fixed dimension such as space. The question still remains: is time infinite? If we take the entire space-time of our universe, is the time dimension infinitely extended or not?

Möbius strip ​
Möbius strip

Spatial Infinities

Whether or not our space is actually infinite is a question that could conceivably be resolved in the next few decades. Assuming that Einstein’s theory of gravitation is correct, there are basically two types of universe: i) a hyperspherical (closed and
unbounded) space that expands, and then contracts back to a point; ii) an infinite space that expands forever. It is my guess that case i) will come to be most widely accepted, if only because the notion of an actually infinite space extending out in every direction is so unsettling.

The fate of the universe in case i) is certainly more interesting, since such a universe collapses back to an infinitely dense space-time singularity that may serve as the seed for a whole new universe. In case il), on the other hand, we simply have cooling and dying suns drifting further and further apart in an utterly empty black immensity … and in the end there are only ashes and cinders in an absolute and eternal night.

The question we are concerned with here is whether or not space is infinitely large. There seem to be three options: i) There is some level n for which -dimensional space is real and infinitely extended. The situation where our three-dimensional space is infinitely large falls under this case. ii). There is some n such that there is only one n-dimensional space. This space is to be finite and unbounded, and there is to be no reality to n + 1 dimensional space.

The situation where our three-dimensional space is finite and unbounded, and the reality of four-dimensional space denied, falls under this case. iii). There are real spaces of every dimension, and each of these spaces is finite and unbounded. In this case we either have an infinite number of universes, duoverses, triverses, etc., or we reach a level after which there is only one n-verse for each n.

Read more in his book Infinity and the Mind

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Emily Brontë

“I wish I were a girl again, half-savage and hardy, and free.”

Emily Brontë, Wuthering Heights

Emily Jane Brontë
Emily Jane Brontë

History

Emily Brontë, in full Emily Jane Brontë, pseudonym Ellis Bell, (born July 30, 1818, Thornton, Yorkshire, England—died December 19, 1848, Haworth, Yorkshire), English novelist and poet who produced but one novel, Wuthering Heights (1847), a highly imaginative work of passion and hate set on the Yorkshire moors. Emily was perhaps the greatest of the three Brontë sisters, but the record of her life is extremely meagre, for she was silent and reserved and left no correspondence of interest, and her single novel darkens rather than solves the mystery of her spiritual existence.

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3 Self-Help Books to Read If You Want To Change Your Life

Scottish author Samuel Smiles unknowingly gave birth to a new sub-genre of non-fiction with his 1859 work, Self-Help. In it, Smiles offered inspiring quotes for working class individuals who wanted to write their own rags-to-riches story through perseverance. The book sold over a quarter of a million copies, making it a bestselling title of its time. Medium reported that it also marked the beginnings of the self-help book genre, which is popular for a reason: it aims to provide insight and actionable advice for its target readers. And there are many who simply seek wisdom and comfort in what they read.

If you’re on a similar quest for self-improvement, these three titles might give you what you’re looking for:

Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking by Susan Cain

According to writer Susan Cain, nearly a third of the population classify as introverts and many more have introverted qualities. Her book, Quiet, gave many readers power during the lockdowns of COVID-19 as social needs became difficult to fulfil in isolation. It’s a comforting read that teaches us that many of the influential figures in history, from Rosa Parks to Tom Hanks, are introverts themselves. They’ve had great success in a society that very much favors the “extrovert ideal”.

A Business Insider book review highlights three key takeaways for readers:

  1. Society still values extroversion over introversion in business, politics, education, and other spheres — and this needs to change.

  2. Introverts and extroverts can create a dynamic relationship as they’ll have more success collaborating.

  3. There’s nothing wrong with being an introvert (or having introverted traits) and it’s time to find your power in it. If you want to know how, Cain’s Quiet is a great place to start.

The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business by Charles Duhigg

Journalist Charles Duhigg’s bestselling book The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business breaks down the science behind our habits and rituals and how we can change our detrimental ones. He argues that these habits — whether it’s on exercise, productivity or financial success — are within our control. That said, our post on The Power of Habits notes that the process of reforming habits contains three important elements: a cue, a routine, and a reward. When you are able to recognize these three, you can change any habit and turn it into one that benefits you. So whether you’re trying to, say, drop your smoking habit or be less of a micromanager to your employees, The Power of Habit is a helpful how-to guide for self-improvement.

Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams by Matthew Walker

Sleep is, neuroscientist Matthew Walker’s book argues, the most important human need, yet it is also one of the most overlooked. The book explains the science behind how sleep works, but it is also a deep dive into why we need to at all. He also brings to light the health challenges that you can experience with lack of sleep, such as lowered immune function, reduced cognitive skills, and repressed growth. Getting quality sleep (not just sleeping more) can truly change your life in at least three ways:

  1. It can make you less vulnerable to disease, more focused, and more energetic.

  2. Sleep can regulate your mood and reduce your risk of mental health conditions like anxiety and depression.

  3. The healthier you are physically and mentally, the more energy and time you can devote to the important aspects of your life, such as your work, hobbies, and relationships.

If you’re having trouble hitting the hay, take a crack at Matthew walker’s self-help book. He himself says in the introduction, “So please, feel free to ebb and flow into and out of consciousness during this entire book. I will take absolutely no offense. On the contrary, I would be delighted.”

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The Dollars Trilogy | Clint Eastwood

Although not Leone’s intention, the three films came to be considered a trilogy following the exploits of the same so-called “Man with No Name” (portrayed by Clint Eastwood, wearing the same clothes and acting with the same mannerisms).

The films were not originally intended to be a series, but the American distributor, United Artists, invented the concept for marketing purposes, establishing Clint Eastwood’s character in each film to actually be the same person. Thus, the films have been considered by many to be a series ever since. Additionally, a series of novels released in the years after the films establish the films as belonging to the same continuity.

The Dollars Trilogy
The Dollars Trilogy

Clint stated that he bought a poncho at Western Costume in Hollywood as he thought “Joe” or THE MAN WITH NO NAME from “A FISTFUL OF DOLLARS” would wear one (his own idea) but Sergio Leone found the “green one” in Spain and liked it better.

The Dollars Trilogy film dates
The Dollars Trilogy film dates

Fist Full of Dollars

Clint Eastwood in A Fistful of Dollars (1964), directed by Sergio Leone. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc. A mysterious stranger “The Man With No Name” (Clint Eastwood) drifts into the Mexican village of San Miguel in the midst of a power struggle among the three Rojo brothers (Antonio Prieto, Benny Reeves, Sieghardt Rupp) and sheriff John Baxter (Wolfgang Lukschy). When a regiment of Mexican soldiers bearing gold intended to pay for new weapons is waylaid by the Rojo brothers, the stranger inserts himself into the middle of the long-simmering battle, selling false information to both sides for his own benefit.

For a Few Dollars More

In the Wild West, a murderous outlaw known as El Indio (Gian Maria Volonte) and his gang are terrorizing and robbing the citizens of the region. With a bounty on El Indio’s head, two bounty hunters, Monco (Clint Eastwood) and Col. Douglas Mortimer (Lee Van Cleef), come to collect the prize. Upon their first meeting, the two men view each other as rivals, but they eventually agree to become partners in their mutual pursuit of the vicious criminal.

The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly

In the Southwest during the Civil War, a mysterious stranger, Joe (Clint Eastwood), and a Mexican outlaw, Tuco (Eli Wallach), form an uneasy partnership — Joe turns in the bandit for the reward money, then rescues him just as he is being hanged. When Joe’s shot at the noose goes awry during one escapade, a furious Tuco tries to have him murdered. The men re-team abruptly, however, to beat out a sadistic criminal and the Union army and find $20,000 that a soldier has buried in the desert.

Continue reading The Dollars Trilogy | Clint Eastwood