George Berkeley was one of the three most famous eighteenth century British Empiricists (see LOCKE, JOHN and HUME, DAVID). He is best known for his motto, esse is percipi, to be is to be perceived. He was an idealist: everything that exists is either a mind or depends for its existence upon a mind. He was an immaterialist: matter does not exist. He accepted the seemingly outrageous position that ordinary physical objects are composed solely of ideas, which are inherently mental. He wrote on vision, mathematics, Newtonian mechanics, economics, and medicine as well as philosophy. In his own time, his most often-read works concerned the medicinal value of tar-water. And in a curious sense, he was the first great American philosopher.
Continue reading George Berkeley
Central to Epictetus’ philosophy is his account of three topoi, or areas of study. He suggests that the apprentice philosopher should be trained in three distinct areas or topoi (see Epictetus Discourses 3.2.1-2):
- Desires (orexeis) and aversions (ekkliseis);
- Impulse to act (hormas) and not to act (aphormas);
- Freedom from deception, hasty judgement, and anything else related to assents (sunkatatheseis).
The three topoi (fields of study) establish activities in which the prokoptôn (Stoic student) applies their Stoic principles; they are practical exercises or disciplines that when successfully followed are constitutive of theeudaimôn (‘happy’) life which all rational beings are capable of attaining.
There are three areas of study, in which a person who is going to be good and noble must be trained. That concerning desires and aversions, so that he may never fail to get what he desires nor fall into what he would avoid. That concerning the impulse to act and not to act, and, in general, appropriate behaviour; so that he may act in an orderly manner and after due consideration, and not carelessly. The third is concerned with freedom from deception and hasty judgement, and, in general, whatever is connected with assent. (Discourses 3.2.1–2, trans. Hard)
Our capacity to employ these disciplines in the course of daily life is eph’ hêmin (‘in our power’ or ‘up to us’) because they depend on our opinions, judgements, intentions and desires which concern the way we regard things over which our prohairesis (moral character) has complete control.
Continue reading Marcus Aurelius (121 – 180 CE) – The Three topoi
Listening is a conscious activity based on three basic skills: attitude, attention, and adjustment. Continue reading Triple-A-Listening
An individual is considered to have mental retardation based on the following three criteria:
Continue reading Introduction to Mental Retardation
The Semiotic Model provides a coordinated way of talking about how the thoughts in our minds can be expressed in terms of the world outside of our minds. The model contains three basic entities: Continue reading Semiotic Model
If you're a Three, you are a born communicator, a positive, optimistic and highly self-expressive person. Three is the number of entertainers: Your love of people and fun and your gift of expression all lend themselves to artistic or musical pursuits. You tend to be a happy person and others are drawn to your bubbly nature. Thus, you are the life of any party and can often be found at the center of a group, making others laugh with your sharp wit and naturally well-honed instincts.
Continue reading Numerology – Your number is three
Description of your first name threes: Continue reading Kabalarian Philosophy
There are three main parenting jobs: getting your kid to go to sleep without bedtime problems, getting your kid to eat without being finicky, and getting your kid toilet trained. Nobody I know has scored three out of three. Continue reading Your Maternity Leave by Jean Marzollo
QUOTATION: The three main medieval points of view regarding universals are designated by historians as realism, conceptualism, and nominalism. Continue reading Logical Point of View