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COVID -19: Fabric masks should have three layers of different material

10 JUN, 2020 – 04:06 

Roselyne Sachiti

Fearures, Health and Society Editor

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has published an updated guidance on the use of face masks for control of COVID-19.

WHO  wearing masks properly
WHO do’s and don’ts

In his opening remarks at a media briefing on Covid- 19 last Friday, WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the guidance is based on evolving evidence, and provides updated advice on who should wear a mask, when it should be worn and what it should be made of.

He said WHO has developed this guidance through a careful review of all available evidence, and extensive consultation with international experts and civil society groups.

“I wish to be very clear that the guidance we are publishing today is an update of what we have been saying for months: that masks should only ever be used as part of a comprehensive strategy in the fight against COVID.

“Masks on their own will not protect you from COVID-19,” he emphasised.

He said the updated guidance contains new information on the composition of fabric masks, based on academic research requested by WHO.

“Based on this new research, WHO advises that fabric masks should consist of at least three layers of different material. Details of which materials we recommend for each layer are in the guidelines.”

According to the latest guidelines, cloth masks should consist of at least three layers of different materials: an inner layer being an absorbent material like cotton, a middle layer of non-woven materials such as polypropylene (for the filter) and an outer layer, which is a non- absorbent material such as a polyester or a polyester blend.

“Fabric cloths (e.g., nylon blends and 100 percent polyester) when folded into two layers, provides 2-5 times increased filtration efficiency compared to a single layer of the same cloth, and filtration efficiency increases 2-7 times if it is folded into 4 layers. Masks made of cotton handkerchiefs alone should consist of at least 4 layers, but have achieved only 13 percent filtration efficiency. Very porous materials, such as gauze, even with multiple layers will not provide sufficient

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These Three Things Need to Happen Before Stocks Bottom Out, Credit Suisse Says

By Callum KeownUpdated March 16, 2020 10:29 am ET / Original March 16, 2020 9:58 am ET

When will stocks reach the low and what will the recovery look like?

Workers wearing protective gear in South Korea.ASSOCIATED PRESS
Workers wearing protective gear in South Korea.ASSOCIATED PRESS

Credit Suisse said it needed to see three conditions required for a trough in global stocks:

1. Clear-cut fiscal easing in the U.S. — which happened late on Sunday;

2. A peak in daily infection rates

3. A trough in global purchasing managers indexes, which it said could happen in May.

In the severe acute respiratory syndrome crisis, markets bottomed out a week daily new infections hit a peak, the bank’s research analysts said.

“We expect a V-shaped recovery ultimately and would be buyers of equities on a one-year view; we believe markets will rise 15-20% over the next 12 months. 

“Historically when we look at exogenous supply-side shocks, markets tend to rise very rapidly from the trough (SARS, Kobe earthquake, Suez, 1987),” they said.

The analysts, led by Andrew Garthwaite, favored stocks in Asia (a commodity-importing region on top of the virus) relative to Europe. In a new realistic worst-case scenario, U.S. earnings would drop 20% and the S&P 500 would fall to 2,200 points, they added.

They also expected “massive” monetary and fiscal stimulus. “This should enable a V-shaped recovery that by the end of 2021 could make up for much of 2020’s lost growth,” they said.

Source: https://www.barrons.com/articles/these-three-things-need-to-happen-before-stocks-bottom-out-credit-suisse-says-51584367103

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Coronavirus can stay infectious for 3 days on surfaces. But it’s still okay to check your mail.

March 13, 2020 at 8:00 AM EDT

Excerpt: Scientists studying the novel coronavirus are quickly uncovering features that allow it to infect and sicken human beings. Every virus has a signature way of interacting with the world, and this one — SARS-CoV-2, which causes the disease covid-19 — is well-equipped to create a historic pandemic.

Corona virus covid-19
Corona virus covid-19

The coronavirus may take many days — up to 14 — before an infection flares into symptoms, and although most people recover without a serious illness, this is not a bug that comes and goes quickly. A serious case of covid-19 can last for weeks.

This coronavirus can establish itself in the upper respiratory tract, said Vincent Munster, chief of the Virus Ecology Section of Rocky Mountain Laboratories, a facility in Hamilton, Mont., that is part of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. That enables the virus to spread more easily through coughing and sneezing. Munster and his colleagues have been studying the novel coronavirus under laboratory conditions to better understand its viability outside a host organism — in the air and on surfaces.

Those experiments found that at least some coronavirus can potentially remain viable — capable of infecting a person — for up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to three days on plastic and stainless steel.

Source and to read more: The Washington Post at https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/coronavirus-can-stay-infectious-for-days-on-surfaces/2020/03/12/9b54a99e-6472-11ea-845d-e35b0234b136_story.html


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Up the duff

up the duff. (Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, colloquial, slang) Pregnant. The expression UP THE DUFF originated in Australia in the 1940s.

Duff. If you describe something as duff, you mean it is useless, broken, or of poor quality. “Sometimes you have to take a duff job when you need the money.” [British, informal, disapproval]

Up the Duff by Kaz Cooke

Up the duff
Up The Duff

First published in 1999, Kaz Cooke’s best-selling Up the Duff is firmly established as the most loved and trusted book for Australian and New Zealand women on pregnancy.

This 20th-anniversary edition has been fully revised and updated. Australia’s most trusted advisor on women’s health delivers the lowdown on pregnancy, birth and how to best prepare for life with a baby. There’s no bossy-boots advice – just lots of cartoons and the soundest, sanest, wittiest advice you’ll ever get.

Kaz Cooke
Kaz Cooke

Inside there’s the crucial week-by week info on what’s happening to you and the baby, coupled with the hilarious diary of Hermoine the (even more) Modern Girl, and everything you need to know about preparing for pregnancy and birth:

Read more Up the Duff by Kaz Cooke at the link below…

Source: https://www.penguin.com.au/books/up-the-duff-2020-edition-9780143795339
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NPK Ratio

flower garden

The N-P-K ratio is the percentage by volume of nitrogen (chemical symbol N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in fertilizer. A 16-16-16 fertilizer, for example, contains 16% nitrogen, 16% phosphorus, and 16% potassium.

NPK ratio
NPK ratio

How is NPK Calculated?

To calculate the pounds of nitrogen in a bag of fertilizer, multiply the weight of the bag by the percent nitrogen (this is the first number in the N-P-K designation on the front of the bag). Then divide the pounds of nitrogen by the area the bag states it will cover to get the pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 sq. ft.

Roles of NPK

The first number of the ratio indicates the amount of nitrogen in the fertilizer. Nitrogen serves a few different roles but its primary benefit to grass is to help produce lush, green leaves. The second element is phosphorus, which is focused on more of the downward growth and fuels important developments such as root growth. The final nutrient represented in the ratio is potassium. This particular nutrient focuses more on resistance. If you already have an established lawn that’s starting to suffer from stress or diseases then the application of potassium is crucial to the health of the grass.

n-p-k
n-p-k

What’s the Best Ratio?

The NPK ratio represents is the percentage of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in the fertilizer. So how do you what’s best for what ratio? Here are some basic rules to follow. If you are starting a new lawn then get lawn fertilizer that has a higher percentage of phosphorus and potassium. At this stage, it’s important to focus on root development and disease resistance.

If you are installing a new layer of sod then apply a similar ratio to what you would use for new lawns. Although new sod does have established grass, the roots themselves have been shaved off so it is vital to up the amount of phosphorus in the soil for root development purposes.

Finally, if you are well into the gardening season and have an established lawn then focus on using a fertilizer that has a higher composition of nitrogen. Before Using Lawn Fertilizer perform a test to determine the amount of nutrients that already exist in the soil. This can be done on your own through the use of NPK soil test kit.

Partial Source: http://www.jgilorganic.com/npk-lawn-care/

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Fresh air with three plants – How to grow fresh air

With its air-filtering plants and sustainable architecture, Kamal Meattle’s office park in New Delhi is a model of green business. Meattle himself is a longtime activist for cleaning up India’s air.

– Kamal Meattle

Researcher Kamal Meattle shows how an arrangement of three common houseplants, used in specific spots in a home or office building, can result in measurably cleaner indoor air.

How to grow fresh air Kamal Meattle

Areca Palm, Mother-in-law’s Tongue, Money Plant
Areca Palm, Mother-in-law’s Tongue, Money Plant

Source: www.ted.com/talks/kamal_meattle_on_how_to_grow_your_own_fresh_air

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Buckminster Fuller explains threeness in the Universe

Buckminster Fuller

Buckminster Fuller
Buckminster Fuller

Buckminster Fuller

  1. The stability of the triangle
  2. The one quantum created in the tetrahedron
  3. How the icosahedron, the octahedron and tetrahedron create everything in the universe

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We Only Fall In Love With 3 People In Our Lifetime—Each One For A Specific Reason

Falling in Love

Love the 1st Time: The Love that Looks Right

Can't help falling in love
Can’t help falling in love

It’s been said that we really only fall in love with three people in our lifetime. Yet, it’s also believed that we need each of these loves for a different reason.

Often our first is when we are young, in high school even. It’s the idealistic love—the one that seems like the fairy tales we read as children.

This is the love that appeals to what we should be doing for society’s sake—and probably our families. We enter into it with the belief that this will be our only love and it doesn’t matter if it doesn’t feel quite right, or if we find ourselves having to swallow down our personal truths to make it work because deep down we believe that this is what love is supposed to be.

Falling In Love the 2nd Time: The Hard Love

The second is supposed to be our hard love—the one that teaches us lessons about who we are and how we often want or need to be loved. This is the kind of love that hurts, whether through lies, pain or manipulation.

We think we are making different choices than our first, but in reality we are still making choices out of the need to learn lessons—but we hang on. Our second love can become a cycle, oftentimes one we keep repeating because we think that somehow the ending will be different than before. Yet, each time we try, it somehow ends worse than before.

Sometimes it’s unhealthy, unbalanced or narcissistic even. There may be emotional, mental or even physical abuse or manipulation—most likely there will be high levels of drama. This is exactly what keeps us addicted to this story line, because it’s the emotional roller coaster of extreme highs and lows and like a junkie trying to get a fix, we stick through the lows with the expectation of the high.

With this kind of love, trying to make it work becomes more important than whether it actually should.

It’s the love that we wished was right.

Falling In Love the 3rd Time: The Love that Lasts

And the third is the love we never see coming. The one that usually looks all wrong for us and that destroys any lingering ideals we clung to about what love is supposed to be. This is the love that comes so easy it doesn’t seem possible. It’s the kind where the connection can’t be explained and knocks us off our feet because we never planned for it.

This is the love where we come together with someone and it just fits—there aren’t any ideal expectations about how each person should be acting, nor is there pressure to become someone other than we are.

We are just simply accepted for who we are already—and it shakes to our core.

It isn’t what we envisioned our love would look like, nor does it abide by the rules that we had hoped to play it safe by. But still it shatters our preconceived notions and shows us that love doesn’t have to be how we thought in order to be true.

This is the love that keeps knocking on our door regardless of how long it takes us to answer.

It’s the love that just feels right.

Maybe we don’t all experience these loves in this lifetime, but perhaps that’s just because we aren’t ready to. Maybe the reality is we need to truly learn what love isn’t before we can grasp what it is.

Possibly we need a whole lifetime to learn each lesson, or maybe, if we’re lucky, it only takes a few years.

Perhaps it’s not about if we are ever ready for love, but if love is ready for us.

And then there may be those people who fall in love once and find it passionately lasts until their last breath. Those faded and worn pictures of our grandparents who seemed just as in love as they walked hand-in-hand at age 80 as they did in their wedding picture—the kind that leaves us wondering if we really know how to love at all.

Someone once told me they are the lucky ones, and perhaps they are.

But I kinda think that those who make it to their third love are really the lucky ones.

They are the ones who are tired of having to try and whose broken hearts lay beating in front of them wondering if there is just something inherently wrong with how they love.

But there’s not; it’s just a matter of if their partner loves in the same way they do or not.

Just because it has never worked out before doesn’t mean that it won’t work out now.

What it really comes down to is if we are limited by how we love, or instead love without limits. We can all choose to stay with our first love, the one that looks good and will make everyone else happy. We can choose to stay with our second under the belief that if we don’t have to fight for it, then it’s not worth having—or we can make the choice to believe in the third love.

The one that feels like home without any rationale; the love that isn’t like a storm—but rather the quiet peace of the night after.

And maybe there’s something special about our first love, and something heartbreakingly unique about our second…but there’s also just something pretty amazing about our third.

The one we never see coming.
The one that actually lasts.
The one that shows us why it never worked out before.

And it’s that possibility that makes trying again always worthwhile, because the truth is you never know when you’ll stumble into love.

Source:  https://www.elephantjournal.com/2016/11/we-only-fall-in-love-with-3-people-in-our-lifetime-each-one-for-a-specific-reason/
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Tetrahedron

Tetrahedron puzzle

Tetrahedron
Tetrahedron

Four triangular faces along with six edges meeting at four vertices together describe the regular tetrahedron. The tetrahedron is the root of all entanglements that shape the perceivable bonds that hold life together in this dimension. The regular tetrahedron can be found at the source of all three-dimensional forms and is fundamental in the creation of all patterns and holographic configurations.

“All of the definable structuring of Universe is tetrahedrally coordinate in rational number increments of the tetrahedron. By tetrahedron, we mean the minimum thinkable set that would subdivide the Universe and have the interconnectedness where it comes back upon itself. The basic structural unit of physical Universe quantation, tetrahedron has the fundamental prime number oneness.”

Buckminster Fuller

“Within it (tetrahedron) lies the energy that holds all life together. The bonds that hold atoms, particles and molecules together, all the way down to nanoparticles and all the way up to macroparticles, are tetrahedral. Everything that exists as you conceive of it in a 3-dimensional world, is held together by these tetrahedral bonds.”

Buckminster Fuller

“The tetrahedron is a form of energy package. The tetrahedron is transformable…All of the definable structuring of Universe is tetrahedrally coordinate in rational number increments of the tetrahedron.”

Buckminster Fuller

2 Triangles forming a Tetrahedron
2 Triangles forming a Tetrahedron

“Two Triangular Energy Events Make Tetrahedron: The open-ended triangular spiral can be considered one “energy event” consisting of an action, reaction and resultant. Two such events (one positive and one negative) combine to form the tetrahedron.”

Buckminster Fuller

 

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Super Blue Blood Moon

Super Blood Moon 2018

Super Blood Moon 2018
Super Blood Moon 2018

The rare Super Blue Blood Moon is about to happen for the first time in 150 years!

Early Wednesday morning brought a lunar event that hasn’t been seen since 1866.

It was at least partially visible in all 50 U.S. states, though the views were better the farther west you live.

Let’s break this down. This event – called a super blue blood moon – was actually three fairly common lunar happenings all happening at the same time.

And scientists say that information gathered during the event could help them figure out where to land a rover on the moon.

Continue reading Super Blue Blood Moon

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3 THINGS THAT HAPPEN WHEN YOU STOP SHOWERING FOR A MONTH

Bathing
  • You won’t actually smell
  • Your skin will moisturize itself
  • You’ll save so much extra time

Ever skip a shower after a workout? Maybe. What about skip a shower for an entire month? That’s what one writer from The Atlantic, James Hamblin, set out to do.

No, it wasn’t out of laziness (although we wouldn’t quite blame him). It was actually an experiment to see whether his natural microbes—found in the gut, as we know, but also on the skin—were enough to keep him smelling clean and fresh, without any extra products. (He did wash his hands regularly, though, and rinsed off when he was visibly dirty, “like after a run when I have to wash gnats off my face, because there is still the matter of society.” Good call.)

Continue reading 3 THINGS THAT HAPPEN WHEN YOU STOP SHOWERING FOR A MONTH

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Hurricane season hasn’t peaked yet. Here’s what to expect

Hurricanes

By Madison Park, CNN

Updated 11:04 AM EDT, Thu September 07, 2017

• Storm activity tends to peak in September, as water warms and wind shear fades

• Experts anticipated an above-normal 2017 hurricane season in the Atlantic

(CNN) In what feels like a never-ending barrage of storms, this year’s hurricane season just passed the halfway mark — and three hurricanes, including Category 5 Irma, are churning in the Atlantic. Continue reading Hurricane season hasn’t peaked yet. Here’s what to expect